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craniosynostosis

Craniosynostosis is a condition that affects the growth and development of a child’s skull. At Pensacola Oral and Facial Surgery, we are experienced in treating craniosynostosis in infants and young children. Our team of skilled surgeons uses the latest techniques and technology to provide effective and safe treatment for this complex condition.

What is Craniosynostosis?

Craniosynostosis is a congenital condition that occurs when the bones in a baby’s skull fuse prematurely, before the brain has finished growing. This can cause the skull to develop an abnormal shape or size and can result in pressure on the brain, which can lead to developmental delays, intellectual disability, and other neurological problems.

There are several types of craniosynostosis, depending on which bones in the skull are affected. Some of the most common types include:

● Sagittal craniosynostosis: This occurs when the sagittal suture, which runs along the top of the skull, is absent or fuses prematurely, causing the skull to elongate.

● Coronal craniosynostosis: This occurs when one or both of the coronal sutures, which run from the top of the head to the ears, is absent or fuses prematurely, causing the forehead to flatten and the eye sockets to become misaligned.

● Metopic craniosynostosis: This occurs when the metopic suture, which runs down the center of the forehead, is absent or fuses prematurely, causing the forehead to become pointed and narrow.

● Lambdoid craniosynostosis: This occurs when the lambdoid suture, which runs along the back of the skull, is absent or fuses prematurely, causing the skull to become asymmetrical. 

craniosynostosis

The exact cause of craniosynostosis is not known, but it is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some of the factors that may increase the risk of craniosynostosis include: 

● Certain genetic syndromes, such as Apert syndrome or Crouzon syndrome

● Exposure to certain medications or toxins during pregnancy

● Maternal smoking or alcohol consumption during pregnancy

● Nutritional deficiencies during pregnancy

Surgical Treatment

Surgical treatment of craniosynostosis can involve the removal of bone and reshaping of the head with a helmet postoperatively. Another form of treatment involves cutting the cranial bone, reshaping the bone, and fixating the bone in its newly reconstructed position with fixation plates and screws.

If you are considering surgery for craniosynostosis, contact Pensacola Oral and Facial Surgery today to schedule a consultation. Dr. Wallender will work closely with you to create a personalized treatment plan based on your specific needs and goals. With our state- of-the-art facilities and advanced surgical techniques, we can help you achieve the best possible results.